The classic parachute

September, 12, 2020
parachute

Have you ever dream of becoming a bird soaring above the earth, where everything seems so small, where nothing constrains your movements and you feel free? Do you want to feel it for real? Then you have to make your first parachute jump!

Today there exist several types of parachutes:

Parachute (French) is a special device that is used for reducing the rate of movement of a person or goods by air, as well as for braking aircraft engines during landing.

The classic parachute is a hemispherical dome with cables for control and a special system for fixing people or cargo.

– Landing (individual) parachutes, designed to slow falling of a person in the air, for the landing, rescue, and for parachuting itself;

– Cargo parachutes are designed to release the cargo or equipment. Depending on the weight of the load from one to several parachutes at one time can be used

.– Rescue parachute system for aircraft is one of the subtypes of cargo parachutes, which are designed to guarantee maximum safety of emergency landing of the aircraft;

– Braking parachutes are designed to provide braking of the aircraft, and also for braking vehicles in a race.

– Parachutes for space vehicles are used for the landing of probes and other devices on the planet’s surface.

– Stabilizing parachute designed to regulate the correct positioning of the body or cargo during the lowering.

The shapes of the parachutes can be: round and round with the dragged vertex (type wing Rogallo), ribbon parachutes, parafoils, square parachutes, parachutes in the form of scallops, and others.

The background of the invention:

The first knapsack parachuteThe first parachute was mentioned in the 16th century by the great Leonardo da Vinci, who suggested that “the sewn tent made of starched fabric” could allow a person to descend from a height onto the ground. A similar description was made in the 17th century by the scientist Faust Veranchino. But the first testing of a similar structure belonged to the French prisoner Laven, who used a parachute to escape.

For the first time, the word “parachute” was mentioned in December 1783, by Lenorman, a Frenchman who jumped from the roof of the observatory.

Nowadays we still use the parachute, invented by Lalande. The first knapsack parachute appeared with a light hand of the inventor Kotelnikovin 1911. Originally a knapsack was made of iron, but later iron was replaced by tissue.

In the Soviet Union Gromov first became a testing parachute pilot, who June 23, 1927, landed with an American parachute on June 23, 1927. After that, the USSR introduced the first rescue service pilots. Minor first started teaching parachute jumping to the Soviet pilots.

The first mass parachute jump from an airplane was implemented on July 26, 1930, under Minow’s conducting. Airborne troops were established in 1930. And the first long jump was made by Evdokimov on May 22, 1932. On June 18 of that year, Petrov jumped from a height of 5200 meters.

In 1935 the Central Aeroclub of the USSR was created and the Soviet Union joined the International Federation of Aviation (FAI). Since then skydiving has been actively developing.

The first World Championship on parachuting was organized in 1951.

The Parachute system:

The modern parachute system for jumping consists of elements: jellyfish (exhaust chute), topmast, the camera of the main canopy (place laying the main canopy), wing (canopy), lines (A, B, C, and D), a slider device (corrugations), risers (risers), a spare parachute harness (and uncoupling, a ring of an extra parachute, transit RSL), insuring device (automatic disclosure of the reserve parachute) and a knapsack.

Types of parachute jumping:

Tandem skydiving

Parachuting is being developed in several directions: jumping with the accuracy of landing, freestyle, firefly, individual and group acrobatics, para-ski, blade Running (long jump with a span from a low altitude), Sky surfing, swoop, and paraplanning BASE (jumping from static objects ).

If you take a chance of jumping for the first time, you have two options: individual parachute jump or a tandem jump with an experienced parachutist.

Skydiving in tandem with an experienced instructor is the safest form of parachuting for a beginner. A minimum of effort is required, all will be done for you. For such jumps, you usually use parachutes of a special design, which allow two people to consolidate into one system and get down on one parachute. In addition, this allows you to get a 60-second free flight and after that, your parachute opens.

Another huge advantage of this jump is that landing is conducted by a professional, so everything goes easily and you will definitely wish to repeat the jump again.

The speed of a parachute free fall is 180-200 km per hour.

Individual jumps suggest pre-deployment basic training – a program that will teach you how to perform a jump, open the parachute, control the landing and what to do in case the parachute does not open.

You must remember that you need comfortable clothing and footwear, which is tied to the laces (boots or shoes with thick comfortable soles that securely fastened at the ankle, and fix the ankle). It is desirable that the clothes were tight and tightening at the wrists and ankles. Before you jump, you will get special glasses that allow seeing the ground during free fall.

In the spring-autumn period, it is recommended to wear warm clothing. In the summer, be sure to use a barrier sun cream.

And the most important thing – before the jump remove all your jewelry, watches, rings, etc.